Research

The research focus of CPSRC is on system design, algorithm development, and their validation for emerging cyber-physical systems. The center currently focuses on three primary areas: 

Autonomous systems are engineering systems that work with limited human intervention. Such systems can operate in conditions that are harmful and/or dangerous to people, avoid hazardous situations to protect passengers, monitor remote environments, all the while maximizing their performance specifications and efficiency. Examples to such systems include unmmanned aerial vehicles in the National Airspace as part of commercial aviation, disaster relief, and search/rescue missions, personal robots for household assistance, and self-driving cars. Autonomous systems research at UC Santa Cruz focuses on communication and control algorithms in wireless networks, cyber security, guidance and navigation in uncertain environments, computational and theoretical methods for control design, and their numerous applications to engineering and science.

CPSRC Faculty with expertise in this area Renwick CurryGabriel ElkaimQi GongDejan MilutinovicRichard MontgomeryAbel RodriguezRicardo SanfeliceMircea TeodorescuDaniele VenturiMichael WehnerDonald M. Wiberg

Human sensing includes standard sensor technologies and emerging ones for detecting behavior, intention, and decisions of humans. Human sensing technologies within CPSRC holistically integrate acoustic sensors, image recognition, infrared detectors, radar, chemical or biomedical sensors, or detection of a mobile phone, Bluetooth, or Wi-Fi signals of static and wearable devices. Applications include wearable sensors for the “quantified self” as well as health monitoring, ubiquitous positioning and localization, indoor navigation, wildlife monitoring, assistive technologies for senior individuals and people with disabilities, and citizen science. Research in human sensing technologies at UC Santa Cruz focuses on biomedical sensor networks, human-computer interaction for special needs patients, assistive technologies for the visually impaired, rehabilitative robotics. 

CPSRC Faculty with expertise in this areaJames DavisGabriel ElkaimMatthew GuthausSri KurniawanRoberto ManduchiDejan MilutinovicKatia ObraczkaRicardo SanfeliceLeila TakayamaMircea TeodorescuMarilyn WalkerMichael WehnerDonald M. Wiberg

Interconnected things comprise networks of computer-controlled physical mechanisms communicating with each other for efficient operation and enhanced capabilities. These mechanisms include a diverse set of devices such as autonomous vehicles, consumer electronics, and biomedical sensors. The interconnected things paradigm enable a deep integration of computerized systems with the physical world to allow for efficient use of resources and accomplish complex tasks not achievable by a single subsystem. Applications include development of communication protocols, traffic prediction and routing, intelligent transportation, smart cities, distributed power systems, software-enabled appliances, distributed sensing systems, and sensing using mobile phones. At UC Santa Cruz, research is conducted on distributed sensing, wireless communication protocols, mobile computing, cloud computing, internetworking, and human computer interaction.

CPSRC Faculty with expertise in this areaRenwick Curry, Luca de Alfaro, Gabriel ElkaimJ.J. Garcia-Luna-AcevesSri KurniawanPatrick ManteyJohn MusacchioKatia ObraczkaChen QianAbel RodriguezRicardo SanfeliceBruce SawhillJim WhiteheadYu Zhang